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Himachal Pradesh Forest Department

Monkey Sterilization Programme

Status of Monkey Sterilization Programme

HP Forest Department receives a number of representations from various channels including farmers, panchayats, e-samadhan, District Grievances Committees, Kisan sangathans etc. that monkeys constantly raid their agricultural crops and cause lot of damage to the same and are posing substantial losses to them besides causing threat to their life at times. They have attained the status of a pest (undeclared) to the agriculture fields and Human habitations, mainly the urban dwellings are occupied by monkeys as a consequence of availability of ample left over human food which is easily accessible from the garbage bins, resulting into increased interaction leading to menace in the form of attacks, damage to crops etc. The farmers are also facing a threat to their livelihood in agricultural landscapes due to damage being caused to their crops.

H.P. is the pioneer state in the country having started an innovative programme of monkey sterilization to control the constantly increasing population of monkeys. To encourage monkey catchers, the state pays an incentive of Rs 500 per monkey trapped. The target of monkey sterilisation for the year 2015-16 is 28800. So, far during the year 11072 no of monkeys have been sterilised upto the end of February 2016. So far since the start of the Sterilisation programme in 2006, 51.4 of macaque populations in the state stood sterilised and the cumulative progress of MSCs of the state is as under.

Year Monkeys sterilised in numbers Total number of monkeys
sterilised year wise
Male Female
2006-07 366 190 556
2007-08 773 672 1445
2008-09 863 1677 2540
2009-10 5179 6445 11624
2010-11 7490 7588 15078
2012-13 7733 7080 14813
2013-14 8188 7876 16064
2014-15 6858 6073 12931
2015-16 7065 6478 13543
2016-17 8591 7306 15897
2017-18 8484 7132 15616
G Total 72707 68175 140882

There are, 8 State of the art Monkey Sterilization Centres (MSCs) namely Tutikandi (Shimla), Sastar (Hamirpur), Gopalpur (Kangra), Boul (Una), Paontasahib (Sirmour), Sarol (Chamba), Salappar (Mandi), Ispur (Una) operational in the State, and another MSC is in offing at Kanianalah near Kotgarh. The cost of establishment of these MSCs was Rs 774.70 lakhs so far. The Department has a veterinary doctor in each MSC on deputation from Animal Husbandry Department. The sterilizations in males are done through thermo-cauteric coagulative vasectomy and in females through endoscopic thermo-cauteric tubectomy.

As a result of the constant efforts put in by the Forest Department of HP, now the numbers of Rhesus macaques have started dwindling.The comparative figures of all 3 macaque estimations is as follows:

Year 2004 2013 2015
Population 317512 226086 207614

The impact of monkey sterilization programme in stabilizing the monkey population is now visible in many pockets of the State. The full impact of sterilization on monkey population shall be discernible in future when sterilization of considerable monkey population shall be achieved at the current pace of sterilization.