Himachal Pradesh is a rich repository of medicinal & aromatic plants grown in wild habitat in different climatic zones. Out of around 3500 plant species found in HP, about 800 species are attributed with medicinal value& about 165 species are collected for commercial purposes.
Himachal is the largest supplier of Chilgoza, Chicory, Kuth dioscorea, Dhoop, Picrorrhiza, valerian and ephedra in the country. About 2500 tons of medicinal plants and parts thereof, valued at about Rs. 10 crores are exported outside the state every year. More than 90% of the species traded in the State are harvested from the wild.
Using the threat criteria developed by the IUCN, about 60 medicinal plant species from the state have categorized as Red Listed(12 species being ‘critically endangered’, 21 species being ‘endangered’ and 27 species being ‘vulnerable’.
In HP right-holders collect medicinal herbs and plants in small quantities free of charge for their bonafide use and for sale. Villager people collect these herbs and sell these to local shopkeepers in return for items of domestic need. In HP, the collection and trade of crude drug is not properly organized as the State has no market of its own.
In Himachal, majority of population lives in villages and still depends on forests for most of their daily needs. According to the study conducted by Dr. Madhu Verma , the direct consumptive benefits accrued from the forests of HP in the shape of Salvage, TD, Fuels, fodder, minor forest produce etc. worth about Rs. 1083 cores per annum.
TD policy has been rationalized and any right holder can get TD (Timber distribution). For this, Right holder can apply to concerned DFO. The right holder will now get converted timber after paying subsidized charges from nearby forest depot.
In such cases inform the concerned Divisional Forest Officer/Range Officer/Police Station directly /telephonically/by e-mail/ on e-samadhan site to control these illegal offences/apprehend the offenders under rules effectively.
Apply to Divisional Forest Officers directly/e-mail for reservation.
The owners may for their bonafide domestic and agricultural use can cut 3 trees of coniferous (except chil trees) and in case of chil and other trees 5 trees each year without permission and upto 10 trees with the written permission of the Range officer concerned and more than 10 trees of the DFO concerned under H.P.Land Preservation Act, 1978. In case of bamboos there shall be no restriction on number to be felled for bonafide domestic purposes or for use in their own cottage industries. The trees for sale shall be felled in accordance with the 10 years felling programme which shall be framed by the Forest Department and approved by the Government except the areas falling within the limits of Municipal Corporation, Municipal Councils, Nagar panchayats and Cantonment Boards.
InTowards solving monkey menance, sterilization of monkeys in Shimla, Hamirpur, Gopalpur and Una is in progress. More than 3000monkeys sterilized till October 2011. Trial ofAir Guns to scare away the Monkeys form Agricultural fields under operation.
The convention on Wetlands, signed a Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an inter-governmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of Wetlands and their resources. At present there are 160 contracting parties to the convention, with 1916 wetland sites designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of international importance.
Govt. of India vide Ministry of Environment and Forests Notification dt. 4th December, 2010 has identified Pongdam in District Kangra, Chandertal in District Lahaul Spiti and Renuka in District Sirmour of HP for conservation and management under its conservation programe. HPFD carry out conservation activities through approved Management Action Plans. Two more sites in HP have been identified as Wetlands of International Importance.
Due to concerted efforts of HPFD , public support and good rainy season, only 1071 ha. Area affected by forest fires during the year, which is lowest in five years.
Action is taken under Sec 33 & 79 IFA, 1927. A case has to be registered with Police. Punishment Imprisonment upto 2 years, fine upto Rs. 5000/- or both.
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 was enacted with a view to check further degradation of forests which ultimately results in ecological imbalance. All violation cases of the Act are to be reported by the State Govt to GOI for taking suitable action. As per provision of this Act, use of forest land for any non-forestry purposes requires prior approval of GOI for which proposal as per GOI guidelines has to be submitted. Non forestry activity include; construction of roads, buildings, hydro-electric projects, mining etc. Under Forest Conservation Act, 1980, 1288 cases cleared with green signal to 155 cases.
HPFD is committed to make Himachal a green State. In this endeavorTo make Himachal a HERBAL STATE, ‘SANJHA VAN-SANJIVANI VAN’, ‘APNA VAN-APNA DHAN’ and ‘PEEPAL–BARGAD’ schemes followed after ‘JAN JAN SANJEEVANI ABHIYAN’ and communities being motivated to plant more trees. 29 ‘Van Sarovar’ construted and 102 under construcution under MNREGA to conserve soil and water and to improve moisture regime by recharging of ground water.
Himachal on way to become Carbon Neutral State. CDM - Bio Carbon Sub Project under MHWDP singned with World Bank will benefit communities in 177 Panchayats in 10 districts of the state. It is the largest Forestry based Project in the World and first in India.
Pasture Developmnent Scheme of “Congress Ghas (Parthenium hysterophorous) Hatao – Chargah Bachao” announced.
Allowed selling of Khair Wood and Resin outside the state have enabled the Framers realize better price for their produce. Sale of Bamboo decontrolled in February 2011. Now the farmers are free to fell/ sell the bamboo from their private land at remunerative prices.
Increase in Green Cover from 21.16% in 1991 to26.35% in 2009 and Himachaladjudged the best State in the country for environment protection and increase of GREEN COVER & awarded ‘Diamond State Award’ and declared ‘Best Tourist Destination’.
Many Hydro-Electric Projects in Sutlej, Beas and Ravi basin are at different stages of development. In order to ensure the minimum damage to the environment and the longevity of these project, Catchment Area Treatment Plans (CAT Plans) are prepared and implemented for which user agencies deposit the money with HPFD. At present Catchment Area Treatment Plans (CAT Plans) worth Rs. 334 crore prepared for 23 Hydro-Electric Projects in the State.
To preserve ecological balance and to rehabilitate our ex-servicemen from Himachal, , 133 INF BN (TA) Dogra Ecological Task Force has been raised. The force is doing wonderful task of RIM plantation/afforestation & soil conservation Doing commendable job of Afforestation, Soil Conservation and ecological awareness among masses in Sutlej catchments and some other areas.
World Bank aided Rs. 365 crore ‘Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project’ under implementation in 602 (102 more being added) Panchayats in 10 districts and Japan (JBIC) aided Rs. 160 crore ‘Swan River Integrated Watershed Development Project’ in progress in 96 Panchayats of Una District.
Western tragopan, Snow leopard, Pink Rhodendron
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