The Green India Mission aims to address key concerns related to climate change in the forest sector, namely: Adaptation, Mitigation, Vulnerability, and Ecosystem Services. To this end the mission also aims to take a broader landscape approach to address the drivers of forest degradation while supporting communities meet their basic necessities of fodder, fuel-wood, livelihood. In the 1st step, the focus is on landscape analysis and site selection for pilot sites for the GIM.
The key components for the preparatory year 2011-12 are JFMC Outreach activities, Micro- Planning, Landscape Survey, Entry Point Activity and Soil & Moisture Conservation, Workshop for awareness and Strengthening of State GIM Cell Support and other such components which will not create any major financial commitment for the subsequent years.
GIS based analysis: States are encouraged to collect their data sets and undertake their own GIS analysis on the lines indicated above to choose landscapes, sub-landscapes and operational units. Assistance of FSI Dehradun, NRSA, State Remote Sensing Application Centre and academic institutions, NGOs etc with GIS capabilities may be taken desired.
Manual GIS analysis: An alternate option is to get hard copy printouts of a few key layers, and along with existing maps and data, use transparency sheets (or acetate sheets) to overlay key parameters in a form of manual GIS and choose the landscapes for early implementation.
Role of expert opinion: Either analysis should be supplemented by expert opinion from within and outside the Forest Department.
In Himachal Pradesh, the Green India Mission scheme has been launched, preparatory, in 4 forest territorial circles such as Bilaspur [Nalagarh], Mandi [Mandi], Dharamshala [Dharamshala] and Hamirpur [Una].
During the financial year 2011-12, the NAEB has released funds to the tune of Rs. 126.50 lakhs for carrying out preparatory activities against which Rs. 125.59 lakhs have been incurred upto 31.03.2013.
A proposal for Rs. 15.00 crores for the year 2013-14 has been sent to NAEB for approval.
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